A Complete, Up-to-Date Introduction to Corrosion of Stainless Steels and Metallurgical Factors This fully updated Second Edition of Corrosion of Stainless Steels covers the tremendous advances made with stainless steels in recent decades, including applications in many new areas--from marine technologies and off-shore oil production to power plants and the kitchen sink. This book offers unique insights into the corrosion mechanisms affecting stainless steels, details problem-avoidance strategies, and helps identify corrosion-resistant capabilities for these remarkable alloys Sponsored by the Electrochemical Society, Corrosion os Stainless Steels<br> * Provides a comprehensive introduction to the selection, development, and production of all types of stainless steels<br> * Emphasizes how metallurgical factors affect corrosion resistance<br> * Examines the limitations of stainless steels within the context of a discussion on higher alloys<br> * Takes an interdisciplinary approach that demonstrates the combined effects of metallurgy, chemistry, and electrochemistry on corrosion resistance<br> * Provides baseline knowledge and testing standards for stainless steels, and facilitates failure analysis for industrial purposes or litigation related to equipment failure<br> This is a much-needed text for materials scientists, chemical engineers, corrosion specialists, graduate students, and anyone who needs to be brought up to date on this subject.
One of the key problems of failure-free operation of machinery is prevention of corrosion. The global scale of modern production makes this problem even more critical. At the beginning of the 21st century industrial contami- tion and the corrosion-active nature of the environment reached a level such that corrosive damage of materials became commensurate with their prod- tion volume and expenditure on anticorrosion protection of machines became comparable with investments in basic production. Anticorrosion techniques changed from being an auxiliary service to industrial enterprises into a dev- oping, scienti?cally intensive and generously ?nanced branch of production. Polymers occupy a very speci?c place amongst anticorrosion techniques. Polymers combine good chemical resistance with impermeability to di?- ent media and unusual deformation characteristics. The main principle of their application as anticorrosion means is the creation of a tight barrier that insulates metal machine parts or constructions from corrosion agents. The advantages of polymers allow the creation of such a barrier at minimal cost, providingprotectionoftheworkingmachinesfromcorrosion, combining their manufacture with preservation and decreasing the cost of anticorrosion. This is one of the main reasons why world production of polymer materials increased by almost 50% in the past decad
This book covers a variety of specific coatings and solid sheet and liquid applied linings, focusing on surface preparation, installation, and applicaton and detailing physical, mechanical, and overall corrosion resisitance. It compares and contrasts individual linings and coatings including glass, cement, various paints for concrete, and metallic and polymer-based coatings. Then it examines the effects of temperature extremes such as coalescence, sagging and slumping, leveling, and adhesion. The book includes an analysis of organic, metallic, and monolithic coatings and paints for concrete and assesses polyester, acrylic, and urethane coatings that offer atmospheric protection.
Paramagnetic transition metal ions provide the opportunity for application of a wide variety of spectroscopic techniques. Although spectroscopic techniques are not as well known as conventional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), they provide detailed information centered on the active site itself. This book describes the application of paramagnetic resonance techniques to a number of important systems in metallobiochemistry. Simultaneously, this volume provides information on novel experimantal methods and theoretical approaches to understanding the structure and function of metalloenzymes and other metallobiomolecules. The specific techniques described include electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, and its derivative techniques, electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) and electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM). These latter two techniques directly probe the nuclear environment of the paramagnetic active site, without interference from magnetically active nuclei that are not involved in the active site. Magnetic circular dichroism (MCD), which links magnetic resonance and oprical spectrospoy, is also described. The application of MCD to problems in metallobiochemistry is growing rapidly, yet uhere are few sources that clearly describe this complex technique. This volume provides several approaches involving MCD. Finally, this book also includes a wide variety of biological systems including heme proteins, iron-sulfur proteins, molybdopterins, manganese proteins, and copper proteins, as well as non-protein biological molecules, such as ribozymes.
Corrosion can be both costly and dangerous, resulting in product contamination or loss as well as structural instability and premature failure. This handbook contains information necessary for ensuring that, regardless of the structure being built, the materials selected for construction will minimize corrosion and its consequences.
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